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The Three Offices of Jesus

Jesus Christ fulfilled the offices of prophet, priest, and king perfectly.  So how can we understand His horrible crucifixion?  God had a plan.

Today’s reading

Deuteronomy 17-19; Mark 14:1-25

Selected Verses

I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers. And I will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him. And whoever will not listen to my words that he shall speak in my name, I myself will require it of him.  Deuteronomy 18:18-19

And as they were eating, he took bread, and after blessing it broke it and gave it to them, and said, “Take; this is my body.”  And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, and they all drank of it.  And he said to them, “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many.  Mark 14:22-24


In Deuteronomy Moses laid out principles for the offices of prophet, priest, and king in Israel.  Certainly, the law spoke much about the priesthood, but now Moses also addresses the matter of prophets and kings, too.

In all three of these offices, God alone would designate the occupants.  No one was to assume the role of priest, prophet or king. Warnings were given to those who might seek the role of prophet and use that office to lead the nation astray to other gods.  Kings were not to use their authority to lead the nation away from the Lord.  The law regulated the work of the priesthood.

The people of Israel were under obligation to respect those in authority, duly chosen and installed by God.  They must not disregard those anointed by the Lord.

The culmination of rebellion against the Lord’s anointed came when Christ Jesus appeared.  He fulfilled the promise of God to raise up a prophet like Moses.  Jesus inherited the throne of David to reign forever over God’s elect people.  He was the great High Priest above the Aaronic priesthood after the order of Melchizedek (Hebrews 5:9,10).

Think about it

Jesus Christ fulfilled all these offices perfectly, yet His people rejected Him.  Judas betrayed Him.  The Sanhedrin condemned Him.  Pilate turned Him over for crucifixion.  All seemed lost, but His broken body and poured out blood brought a new covenant of salvation to all who believe in Him.

No words can adequately express the immense wisdom and grace of God toward us in Christ, our prophet, priest, and king.  Praise Him, though your words be feeble.  Never lose the wonder of who He is and what He has done for us.

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